Fatherhood at Home is the Foundation of Leadership

baby sleeping GIF by NBA

People think that leadership is something abstract and ideal that needs to be pursued and actualized by studying theories from management schools. But actually leadership begins at home. Fatherhood is the foundation of leadership. Who you are as a father can characterize your basic character as a leader in society. As a father in the family you become the first teacher of leadership to your children! How you deal with them at home is their first lesson of leadership.

fathers day dad GIF

Primary socialization begins in the family! Before your children learn theories on how to become leaders in the outside world, they first learn it from you as their father. Thus, your role as a dad in your family is crucial in determining what kind of leaders your children would become in the future.

Of course, you can argue that your children will learn great theories on leadership, anyway, when they study the best business schools in the world. You may be right somehow, but social scientists believe that the basic socialization of children on how to become human and leader begins during the formative years, i.e., from birth up to 13 years old. This period has a great impact to the child’s character and personality. Thus, the early social learning of the children on how to deal with people begins at home with the leadership of their parents, particularly that of their fathers as head of the household.

happy fathers day GIF

Sociologists discover that there is a basic pattern on how fathers form or socialize their children in society based on social class. Fathers coming from the lower classes tend to emphasize discipline and conformity in raising their children as many of them are workers in business firms who get used to being ordered or commanded by their supervisors and managers.

happy fathers day GIF by This Is Us

But fathers who come from the middle or upper classes tend to emphasize creativity and personal discretion on their children, as many of them are managers and decision makers. So, by social class, the professional and rich dads tend to socialize their children on how to deal or manage people, while poor dads tend instill discipline and obedience to their children. Of course, children from poor families when they get higher education and move up in the social class ladder can overcome the limitations of their family upbringing through formal education. Indeed, education is a great equalizer in life!

jennifer lopez business GIF by American Idol

Happy father’s day to all dads out there!

Thank you for reading this post. Follow this blog for more updates.

What is the Church’s Teaching on Labor and Profit in Business?

The Centrality of Labor in Social Issues

One important teaching of the popes and Church councils in the Catholic Social Teaching (CST) which has been kept secret to many employers and entrepreneurs is the moral principle on the priority of labor over capital and the rights of workers in the workplace. Beyond the state’s view and material concern on labor and rights of workers, the CST considers above all the spiritual significance of labor in the divine plan and dignity of workers as created in the image and likeness of God.

pexels-photo-208278.jpeg

The modern CST as a set of documents has been existing in the Catholic tradition for more than one hundred years from now after Centesimus Annus (1998) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of the first CST document Rerum Novarum (1898). Throughout these years and in almost all documents, the labor issue has always been central in the discussions of these documents. It is one of the recurring themes in the CST that the Pope and the Catholic bishops often discussed  the documents in response to the signs of the times. Work is the mark of a person operating within a community of persons (CCC 2427). Work is central in the Church’s social teachings. In relation to social justice, “[h]uman work is a key—probably the essential key—to the whole social question” (CFC 1181). It is the key to the solution … of the whole “social question.” To consider work is of decisive importance when trying to make life “more human.

The Spiritual Dimension of Work

work-chinese-industrial-professional.jpg

Prioritizing labor over capital has biblical foundation. In the CST, labor means participation in the divine call to subdue the earth. “Human work proceeds directly from persons created in the image of God and called up to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth, both with and for one another (CCC, n. 2427). “The earth, by reason of its fruitfulness and its capacity to satisfy human needs, is God’s first gift for the sustenance of human life. But the earth does not yield his fruits without a particular response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work.. It is through work that man [or woman] using his [or her] intelligence and exercising his [or her] freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home” (CA, n. 31).

Role of Profit in Business

A business firm is not only a conglomeration of individuals with technical functions bonded together with the sole purpose of earning profit but a community of persons in the service of society. Profit in busines should not be the only regulator and purpose of business. “It is possible for the final accounts to be in order, and yet the people—who make up the firm’s most valuable asset—to be humiliated and their dignity offended…Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business” (CA, n.35).

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/517984394621209003/?lp=true

In short, the social and moral welfare of people within the business firm, especially those of the workers, is equally important like profit in knowing whether the business is doing good in the long run. Workers will be well motivated to work if they are well remunerated and their rights are respected by the company, thereby increasing the productivity and profitability of the company. The Church would even go to the extent of proposing profit-sharing in business in order that each member of a company feels that he or she is stakeholder and part owner and thereby also increasing the firm’s productivity.

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/380976449709910607/

The Priority of  Labor over Capital

Textbooks on business administration, management and entrepreneurship in business courses with their preoccupation with profit always imply that Capital is a priority over Labor. The common practice of some business to sacrifice the wage and benefits of workers to lower production cost and thus attain forecast and higher profit levels indicates this mentality of businessmen to give more importance of capital over labor. One unfair labor practice that shows this priority of the growth of capital rather than labor is the “casualization” of labor.

Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. - Jesus Christ

To lower labor cost to increase profit is the hiring of casuals with work contracts with less than six months to prevent employees to become regular or permanent under the Philippine Labor Code and thus save money by not spending for their social benefits. This practice indicates than businessmen/women are not really more concerned with the welfare of the workers by providing them permanent jobs but with the increase of profit or capital. The hiring of casual employees rather than permanent workers to minize the cost of labor and maximize profit is one example of this prioritization of capital over labor. Is capital really more important than labor in business?

Well, from the point of view of entrepreneurs and managers socialized and trained in business schools on capitalist values and on the art of profit-making, capital is always given higher priority over labor. But this is not so for the Church. In papal encyclical Laborem Exercens (Human labor), Pope John Paul II clarifies the principle of labor over capital: “In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: The principle of the priority of labor over capital. This principle directly concerns the process of production: in this process labor is always a primary efficient cause, while capital, the whole collection of means of production, remains a mere instrument or instrumental cause” (Laborem Exercens, n.52).

pexels-photo-583392.jpeg

On the one hand, labor consists of people or workers whom the Church views as the most important value in the production process. Workers are created in the image and likeness of God, and thus possess human dignity and human rights. Moreover, the work of employees in a business firm is seen by the Church as actualizing of the divine call in the Book of Genesis on subduing the earth. Work in a production is not only a mere exhaustion of physical energy but contains a spiritual meaning. That is why the Catholic Social teaching speaks on the spirituality of work.

pexels-photo-259027.jpeg

Capital, on the other hand, consists of material things. Money, stocks, machinery, equipment, land and all other forms of productive capital are created things. It’s true that capital is crucial in formation and maintenance of business. But it is definitely lower in spiritual values in comparison with labor in terms of spiritual and moral importance for the Church. Therefore, if a Catholic businessman/woman has to choose which one to prioritize between the two in case of conflict, he or she has to opt for labor as people posses human dignity while capital which consists only of material goods.

pexels-photo-236113.jpeg

Furthermore, if the business situation would force to him/her to choose which one to prioritize: High profit or welfare of the workers, a Catholic entrepreneur must let go of his/her higher profit margin or forecast than retrenching workers or reducing or removing their benefits and privileges. Christian or Catholic entrepreneurs are people with a spiritual mission. They build businesses to serve people in society by providing them quality products and services as a manifestation of their love for God and neighbor.

For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul? - Jesus Christ

Source: Jesus Christ  Quotes

Thank you for reading this post. Feel free to comment, like, and share this post to your social media sites. Sign with our newsletter for more updates or follow this blog via email. Cheers and God bless!

Reference

Jesus Christ Quotes. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from BrainyQuote.com Web site: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/jesus_christ_414648

What is the Church’s Teaching on Labor and Profit in Business?

The Centrality of Labor in Social Issues

One important teaching of the popes and Church councils in the Catholic Social Teaching (CST) which has been kept secret to many employers and entrepreneurs is the moral principle on the priority of labor over capital and the rights of workers in the workplace. Beyond the state’s view and material concern on labor and rights of workers, the CST considers above all the spiritual significance of labor in the divine plan and dignity of workers as created in the image and likeness of God.

pexels-photo-208278.jpeg

The modern CST as a set of documents has been existing in the Catholic tradition for more than one hundred years from now after Centesimus Annus (1998) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of the first CST document Rerum Novarum (1898). Throughout these years and in almost all documents, the labor issue has always been central in the discussions of these documents. It is one of the recurring themes in the CST that the Pope and the Catholic bishops often discussed  the documents in response to the signs of the times. Work is the mark of a person operating within a community of persons (CCC 2427). Work is central in the Church’s social teachings. In relation to social justice, “[h]uman work is a key—probably the essential key—to the whole social question” (CFC 1181). It is the key to the solution … of the whole “social question.” To consider work is of decisive importance when trying to make life “more human.

The Spiritual Dimension of Work

work-chinese-industrial-professional.jpg

Prioritizing labor over capital has biblical foundation. In the CST, labor means participation in the divine call to subdue the earth. “Human work proceeds directly from persons created in the image of God and called up to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth, both with and for one another (CCC, n. 2427). “The earth, by reason of its fruitfulness and its capacity to satisfy human needs, is God’s first gift for the sustenance of human life. But the earth does not yield his fruits without a particular response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work.. It is through work that man [or woman] using his [or her] intelligence and exercising his [or her] freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home” (CA, n. 31).

Role of Profit in Business

A business firm is not only a conglomeration of individuals with technical functions bonded together with the sole purpose of earning profit but a community of persons in the service of society. Profit in busines should not be the only regulator and purpose of business. “It is possible for the final accounts to be in order, and yet the people—who make up the firm’s most valuable asset—to be humiliated and their dignity offended…Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business” (CA, n.35).

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/517984394621209003/?lp=true

In short, the social and moral welfare of people within the business firm, especially those of the workers, is equally important like profit in knowing whether the business is doing good in the long run. Workers will be well motivated to work if they are well remunerated and their rights are respected by the company, thereby increasing the productivity and profitability of the company. The Church would even go to the extent of proposing profit-sharing in business in order that each member of a company feels that he or she is stakeholder and part owner and thereby also increasing the firm’s productivity.

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/380976449709910607/

The Priority of  Labor over Capital

Textbooks on business administration, management and entrepreneurship in business courses with their preoccupation with profit always imply that Capital is a priority over Labor. The common practice of some business to sacrifice the wage and benefits of workers to lower production cost and thus attain forecast and higher profit levels indicates this mentality of businessmen to give more importance of capital over labor. One unfair labor practice that shows this priority of the growth of capital rather than labor is the “casualization” of labor.

Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. - Jesus Christ

To lower labor cost to increase profit is the hiring of casuals with work contracts with less than six months to prevent employees to become regular or permanent under the Philippine Labor Code and thus save money by not spending for their social benefits. This practice indicates than businessmen/women are not really more concerned with the welfare of the workers by providing them permanent jobs but with the increase of profit or capital. The hiring of casual employees rather than permanent workers to minize the cost of labor and maximize profit is one example of this prioritization of capital over labor. Is capital really more important than labor in business?

Well, from the point of view of entrepreneurs and managers socialized and trained in business schools on capitalist values and on the art of profit-making, capital is always given higher priority over labor. But this is not so for the Church. In papal encyclical Laborem Exercens (Human labor), Pope John Paul II clarifies the principle of labor over capital: “In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: The principle of the priority of labor over capital. This principle directly concerns the process of production: in this process labor is always a primary efficient cause, while capital, the whole collection of means of production, remains a mere instrument or instrumental cause” (Laborem Exercens, n.52).

pexels-photo-583392.jpeg

On the one hand, labor consists of people or workers whom the Church views as the most important value in the production process. Workers are created in the image and likeness of God, and thus possess human dignity and human rights. Moreover, the work of employees in a business firm is seen by the Church as actualizing of the divine call in the Book of Genesis on subduing the earth. Work in a production is not only a mere exhaustion of physical energy but contains a spiritual meaning. That is why the Catholic Social teaching speaks on the spirituality of work.

pexels-photo-259027.jpeg

Capital, on the other hand, consists of material things. Money, stocks, machinery, equipment, land and all other forms of productive capital are created things. It’s true that capital is crucial in formation and maintenance of business. But it is definitely lower in spiritual values in comparison with labor in terms of spiritual and moral importance for the Church. Therefore, if a Catholic businessman/woman has to choose which one to prioritize between the two in case of conflict, he or she has to opt for labor as people posses human dignity while capital which consists only of material goods.

pexels-photo-236113.jpeg

Furthermore, if the business situation would force to him/her to choose which one to prioritize: High profit or welfare of the workers, a Catholic entrepreneur must let go of his/her higher profit margin or forecast than retrenching workers or reducing or removing their benefits and privileges. Christian or Catholic entrepreneurs are people with a spiritual mission. They build businesses to serve people in society by providing them quality products and services as a manifestation of their love for God and neighbor.

For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul? - Jesus Christ

Source: Jesus Christ  Quotes

Thank you for reading this post. Feel free to comment, like, and share this post to your social media sites. Sign with our newsletter for more updates or follow this blog via email. Cheers and God bless!

Reference

Jesus Christ Quotes. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from BrainyQuote.com Web site: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/jesus_christ_414648

What is the Church’s Teaching on Labor and Profit in Business?

The Centrality of Labor in Social Issues

One important teaching of the popes and Church councils in the Catholic Social Teaching (CST) which has been kept secret to many employers and entrepreneurs is the moral principle on the priority of labor over capital and the rights of workers in the workplace. Beyond the state’s view and material concern on labor and rights of workers, the CST considers above all the spiritual significance of labor in the divine plan and dignity of workers as created in the image and likeness of God.

pexels-photo-208278.jpeg

The modern CST as a set of documents has been existing in the Catholic tradition for more than one hundred years from now after Centesimus Annus (1998) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of the first CST document Rerum Novarum (1898). Throughout these years and in almost all documents, the labor issue has always been central in the discussions of these documents. It is one of the recurring themes in the CST that the Pope and the Catholic bishops often discussed  the documents in response to the signs of the times. Work is the mark of a person operating within a community of persons (CCC 2427). Work is central in the Church’s social teachings. In relation to social justice, “[h]uman work is a key—probably the essential key—to the whole social question” (CFC 1181). It is the key to the solution … of the whole “social question.” To consider work is of decisive importance when trying to make life “more human.

The Spiritual Dimension of Work

work-chinese-industrial-professional.jpg

Prioritizing labor over capital has biblical foundation. In the CST, labor means participation in the divine call to subdue the earth. “Human work proceeds directly from persons created in the image of God and called up to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth, both with and for one another (CCC, n. 2427). “The earth, by reason of its fruitfulness and its capacity to satisfy human needs, is God’s first gift for the sustenance of human life. But the earth does not yield his fruits without a particular response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work.. It is through work that man [or woman] using his [or her] intelligence and exercising his [or her] freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home” (CA, n. 31).

Role of Profit in Business

A business firm is not only a conglomeration of individuals with technical functions bonded together with the sole purpose of earning profit but a community of persons in the service of society. Profit in busines should not be the only regulator and purpose of business. “It is possible for the final accounts to be in order, and yet the people—who make up the firm’s most valuable asset—to be humiliated and their dignity offended…Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business” (CA, n.35).

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/517984394621209003/?lp=true

In short, the social and moral welfare of people within the business firm, especially those of the workers, is equally important like profit in knowing whether the business is doing good in the long run. Workers will be well motivated to work if they are well remunerated and their rights are respected by the company, thereby increasing the productivity and profitability of the company. The Church would even go to the extent of proposing profit-sharing in business in order that each member of a company feels that he or she is stakeholder and part owner and thereby also increasing the firm’s productivity.

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/380976449709910607/

The Priority of  Labor over Capital

Textbooks on business administration, management and entrepreneurship in business courses with their preoccupation with profit always imply that Capital is a priority over Labor. The common practice of some business to sacrifice the wage and benefits of workers to lower production cost and thus attain forecast and higher profit levels indicates this mentality of businessmen to give more importance of capital over labor. One unfair labor practice that shows this priority of the growth of capital rather than labor is the “casualization” of labor.

Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. - Jesus Christ

To lower labor cost to increase profit is the hiring of casuals with work contracts with less than six months to prevent employees to become regular or permanent under the Philippine Labor Code and thus save money by not spending for their social benefits. This practice indicates than businessmen/women are not really more concerned with the welfare of the workers by providing them permanent jobs but with the increase of profit or capital. The hiring of casual employees rather than permanent workers to minize the cost of labor and maximize profit is one example of this prioritization of capital over labor. Is capital really more important than labor in business?

Well, from the point of view of entrepreneurs and managers socialized and trained in business schools on capitalist values and on the art of profit-making, capital is always given higher priority over labor. But this is not so for the Church. In papal encyclical Laborem Exercens (Human labor), Pope John Paul II clarifies the principle of labor over capital: “In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: The principle of the priority of labor over capital. This principle directly concerns the process of production: in this process labor is always a primary efficient cause, while capital, the whole collection of means of production, remains a mere instrument or instrumental cause” (Laborem Exercens, n.52).

pexels-photo-583392.jpeg

On the one hand, labor consists of people or workers whom the Church views as the most important value in the production process. Workers are created in the image and likeness of God, and thus possess human dignity and human rights. Moreover, the work of employees in a business firm is seen by the Church as actualizing of the divine call in the Book of Genesis on subduing the earth. Work in a production is not only a mere exhaustion of physical energy but contains a spiritual meaning. That is why the Catholic Social teaching speaks on the spirituality of work.

pexels-photo-259027.jpeg

Capital, on the other hand, consists of material things. Money, stocks, machinery, equipment, land and all other forms of productive capital are created things. It’s true that capital is crucial in formation and maintenance of business. But it is definitely lower in spiritual values in comparison with labor in terms of spiritual and moral importance for the Church. Therefore, if a Catholic businessman/woman has to choose which one to prioritize between the two in case of conflict, he or she has to opt for labor as people posses human dignity while capital which consists only of material goods.

pexels-photo-236113.jpeg

Furthermore, if the business situation would force to him/her to choose which one to prioritize: High profit or welfare of the workers, a Catholic entrepreneur must let go of his/her higher profit margin or forecast than retrenching workers or reducing or removing their benefits and privileges. Christian or Catholic entrepreneurs are people with a spiritual mission. They build businesses to serve people in society by providing them quality products and services as a manifestation of their love for God and neighbor.

For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul? - Jesus Christ

Source: Jesus Christ  Quotes

Thank you for reading this post. Feel free to comment, like, and share this post to your social media sites. Sign with our newsletter for more updates or follow this blog via email. Cheers and God bless!

Reference

Jesus Christ Quotes. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from BrainyQuote.com Web site: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/jesus_christ_414648

Fatherhood at Home is the Foundation of Leadership

baby sleeping GIF by NBA

People think that leadership is something abstract and ideal that needs to be pursued and actualized by studying theories from management schools. But actually leadership begins at home. Fatherhood is the foundation of leadership. Who you are as a father can characterize your basic character as a leader in society. As a father in the family you become the first teacher of leadership to your children! How you deal with them at home is their first lesson of leadership.

fathers day dad GIF

Primary socialization begins in the family! Before your children learn theories on how to become leaders in the outside world, they first learn it from you as their father. Thus, your role as a dad in your family is crucial in determining what kind of leaders your children would become in the future.

Of course, you can argue that your children will learn great theories on leadership, anyway, when they study the best business schools in the world. You may be right somehow, but social scientists believe that the basic socialization of children on how to become human and leader begins during the formative years, i.e., from birth up to 13 years old. This period has a great impact to the child’s character and personality. Thus, the early social learning of the children on how to deal with people begins at home with the leadership of their parents, particularly that of their fathers as head of the household.

happy fathers day GIF

Sociologists discover that there is a basic pattern on how fathers form or socialize their children in society based on social class. Fathers coming from the lower classes tend to emphasize discipline and conformity in raising their children as many of them are workers in business firms who get used to being ordered or commanded by their supervisors and managers.

happy fathers day GIF by This Is Us

But fathers who come from the middle or upper classes tend to emphasize creativity and personal discretion on their children, as many of them are managers and decision makers. So, by social class, the professional and rich dads tend to socialize their children on how to deal or manage people, while poor dads tend instill discipline and obedience to their children. Of course, children from poor families when they get higher education and move up in the social class ladder can overcome the limitations of their family upbringing through formal education. Indeed, education is a great equalizer in life!

jennifer lopez business GIF by American Idol

Happy father’s day to all dads out there!

Thank you for reading this post. Follow this blog for more updates.

Fatherhood at Home is the Foundation of Leadership

baby sleeping GIF by NBA

People think that leadership is something abstract and ideal that needs to be pursued and actualized by studying theories from management schools. But actually leadership begins at home. Fatherhood is the foundation of leadership. Who you are as a father can characterize your basic character as a leader in society. As a father in the family you become the first teacher of leadership to your children! How you deal with them at home is their first lesson of leadership.

fathers day dad GIF

Primary socialization begins in the family! Before your children learn theories on how to become leaders in the outside world, they first learn it from you as their father. Thus, your role as a dad in your family is crucial in determining what kind of leaders your children would become in the future.

Of course, you can argue that your children will learn great theories on leadership, anyway, when they study the best business schools in the world. You may be right somehow, but social scientists believe that the basic socialization of children on how to become human and leader begins during the formative years, i.e., from birth up to 13 years old. This period has a great impact to the child’s character and personality. Thus, the early social learning of the children on how to deal with people begins at home with the leadership of their parents, particularly that of their fathers as head of the household.

happy fathers day GIF

Sociologists discover that there is a basic pattern on how fathers form or socialize their children in society based on social class. Fathers coming from the lower classes tend to emphasize discipline and conformity in raising their children as many of them are workers in business firms who get used to being ordered or commanded by their supervisors and managers.

happy fathers day GIF by This Is Us

But fathers who come from the middle or upper classes tend to emphasize creativity and personal discretion on their children, as many of them are managers and decision makers. So, by social class, the professional and rich dads tend to socialize their children on how to deal or manage people, while poor dads tend instill discipline and obedience to their children. Of course, children from poor families when they get higher education and move up in the social class ladder can overcome the limitations of their family upbringing through formal education. Indeed, education is a great equalizer in life!

jennifer lopez business GIF by American Idol

Happy father’s day to all dads out there!

Thank you for reading this post. Follow this blog for more updates.

What is the Church’s Teaching on Labor and Profit in Business?

The Centrality of Labor in Social Issues

One important teaching of the popes and Church councils in the Catholic Social Teaching (CST) which has been kept secret to many employers and entrepreneurs is the moral principle on the priority of labor over capital and the rights of workers in the workplace. Beyond the state’s view and material concern on labor and rights of workers, the CST considers above all the spiritual significance of labor in the divine plan and dignity of workers as created in the image and likeness of God.

pexels-photo-208278.jpeg

The modern CST as a set of documents has been existing in the Catholic tradition for more than one hundred years from now after Centesimus Annus (1998) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of the first CST document Rerum Novarum (1898). Throughout these years and in almost all documents, the labor issue has always been central in the discussions of these documents. It is one of the recurring themes in the CST that the Pope and the Catholic bishops often discussed  the documents in response to the signs of the times. Work is the mark of a person operating within a community of persons (CCC 2427). Work is central in the Church’s social teachings. In relation to social justice, “[h]uman work is a key—probably the essential key—to the whole social question” (CFC 1181). It is the key to the solution … of the whole “social question.” To consider work is of decisive importance when trying to make life “more human.

The Spiritual Dimension of Work

work-chinese-industrial-professional.jpg

Prioritizing labor over capital has biblical foundation. In the CST, labor means participation in the divine call to subdue the earth. “Human work proceeds directly from persons created in the image of God and called up to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth, both with and for one another (CCC, n. 2427). “The earth, by reason of its fruitfulness and its capacity to satisfy human needs, is God’s first gift for the sustenance of human life. But the earth does not yield his fruits without a particular response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work.. It is through work that man [or woman] using his [or her] intelligence and exercising his [or her] freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home” (CA, n. 31).

Role of Profit in Business

A business firm is not only a conglomeration of individuals with technical functions bonded together with the sole purpose of earning profit but a community of persons in the service of society. Profit in busines should not be the only regulator and purpose of business. “It is possible for the final accounts to be in order, and yet the people—who make up the firm’s most valuable asset—to be humiliated and their dignity offended…Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business” (CA, n.35).

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/517984394621209003/?lp=true

In short, the social and moral welfare of people within the business firm, especially those of the workers, is equally important like profit in knowing whether the business is doing good in the long run. Workers will be well motivated to work if they are well remunerated and their rights are respected by the company, thereby increasing the productivity and profitability of the company. The Church would even go to the extent of proposing profit-sharing in business in order that each member of a company feels that he or she is stakeholder and part owner and thereby also increasing the firm’s productivity.

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/380976449709910607/

The Priority of  Labor over Capital

Textbooks on business administration, management and entrepreneurship in business courses with their preoccupation with profit always imply that Capital is a priority over Labor. The common practice of some business to sacrifice the wage and benefits of workers to lower production cost and thus attain forecast and higher profit levels indicates this mentality of businessmen to give more importance of capital over labor. One unfair labor practice that shows this priority of the growth of capital rather than labor is the “casualization” of labor.

Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. - Jesus Christ

To lower labor cost to increase profit is the hiring of casuals with work contracts with less than six months to prevent employees to become regular or permanent under the Philippine Labor Code and thus save money by not spending for their social benefits. This practice indicates than businessmen/women are not really more concerned with the welfare of the workers by providing them permanent jobs but with the increase of profit or capital. The hiring of casual employees rather than permanent workers to minize the cost of labor and maximize profit is one example of this prioritization of capital over labor. Is capital really more important than labor in business?

Well, from the point of view of entrepreneurs and managers socialized and trained in business schools on capitalist values and on the art of profit-making, capital is always given higher priority over labor. But this is not so for the Church. In papal encyclical Laborem Exercens (Human labor), Pope John Paul II clarifies the principle of labor over capital: “In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: The principle of the priority of labor over capital. This principle directly concerns the process of production: in this process labor is always a primary efficient cause, while capital, the whole collection of means of production, remains a mere instrument or instrumental cause” (Laborem Exercens, n.52).

pexels-photo-583392.jpeg

On the one hand, labor consists of people or workers whom the Church views as the most important value in the production process. Workers are created in the image and likeness of God, and thus possess human dignity and human rights. Moreover, the work of employees in a business firm is seen by the Church as actualizing of the divine call in the Book of Genesis on subduing the earth. Work in a production is not only a mere exhaustion of physical energy but contains a spiritual meaning. That is why the Catholic Social teaching speaks on the spirituality of work.

pexels-photo-259027.jpeg

Capital, on the other hand, consists of material things. Money, stocks, machinery, equipment, land and all other forms of productive capital are created things. It’s true that capital is crucial in formation and maintenance of business. But it is definitely lower in spiritual values in comparison with labor in terms of spiritual and moral importance for the Church. Therefore, if a Catholic businessman/woman has to choose which one to prioritize between the two in case of conflict, he or she has to opt for labor as people posses human dignity while capital which consists only of material goods.

pexels-photo-236113.jpeg

Furthermore, if the business situation would force to him/her to choose which one to prioritize: High profit or welfare of the workers, a Catholic entrepreneur must let go of his/her higher profit margin or forecast than retrenching workers or reducing or removing their benefits and privileges. Christian or Catholic entrepreneurs are people with a spiritual mission. They build businesses to serve people in society by providing them quality products and services as a manifestation of their love for God and neighbor.

For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul? - Jesus Christ

Source: Jesus Christ  Quotes

Thank you for reading this post. Feel free to comment, like, and share this post to your social media sites. Sign with our newsletter for more updates or follow this blog via email. Cheers and God bless!

Reference

Jesus Christ Quotes. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from BrainyQuote.com Web site: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/jesus_christ_414648

What is the Principle of Subsidiarity? Why is this Important in Leadership?

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A good and Christian leader should know the Principle of Subsidiarity to attain what is good of the majority or common good when running an organization or social system.

Undue interference of the powerful over the less powerful and the weak often happens in social life. The top CEO in a corporation, for instance, sometimes interfere in hiring new employees or in any minor policies ignoring the people in-charge, or a school administrator, bypassing the teacher, decides to retain a student despite serious violation of school rules, or the President of the country unreasonably interferes in a government bureau to facilitate the business transaction of a relative, or a U.S. president calls up a president of a poor country and forces him/her to pass a legislation that serves American interests, are only few of the instances where the powerful abuse their power to the detriment of the social welfare of the weak and powerless.

The attainment of the common good does not only require commitment to solidarity but also to the moral principle of subsidiarity. This principle is among the most constant and characteristic directives of the Church’s social doctrine and has been present since the first great social encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII (CSDC 185).

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For the Church, subsidiarity is a mode of governance which protect people from abuses by higher-level social authority and calls on these same authorities to help individuals and intermediate groups to fulfill their duties (CSDC # 187). The CST understands it as respecting the hierarchy of authorities and capabilities of various communities within a given social system: “[A] community of a higher order of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the latter of its functions, but rather should support it in case of needs and help to co-ordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view to the common good” (CA, n.48; cf. QA, nn.184-186).

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Subsidiarity also opposes certain forms of centralization and bureaucratization in running a country or organization by top officials which stifle or ignore the freedom and creativity of people of lower social rank. Top-down management models–whether in an organizational or national level– which promote centralization of power at the top hierarchy and discourage democratic participation of lower levels in decision-making can jeopardize the social doctrine of subsidiarity.

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The system of checks and balances can be weakened and the concentration of power at the top can lead to abuse and disregard of the common good. For instance, in one Catholic university managed by religious sisters, only the President and the Vice-President for Academic Affairs seem to run the school. Without genuine consultation and participation of employees and faculty, they create and impose new policies which are, at times, impractical and unreasonable. And since the management structure is too centralized, genuine participation of those in the lower levels–faculty, staff and students–is often neglected. Legally speaking, one can argue that the school administration has management prerogative. But in moral terms, one can argue if this is too much concentration of power is done to suit personal interest or protect favorite groups or individuals, then this centralization runs contrary to subsidiarity.

Photo Credit: Pixabay.com

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What is the Church’s Teaching on Labor and Profit in Business?

The Centrality of Labor in Social Issues

One important teaching of the popes and Church councils in the Catholic Social Teaching (CST) which has been kept secret to many employers and entrepreneurs is the moral principle on the priority of labor over capital and the rights of workers in the workplace. Beyond the state’s view and material concern on labor and rights of workers, the CST considers above all the spiritual significance of labor in the divine plan and dignity of workers as created in the image and likeness of God.

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The modern CST as a set of documents has been existing in the Catholic tradition for more than one hundred years from now after Centesimus Annus (1998) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of the first CST document Rerum Novarum (1898). Throughout these years and in almost all documents, the labor issue has always been central in the discussions of these documents. It is one of the recurring themes in the CST that the Pope and the Catholic bishops often discussed  the documents in response to the signs of the times. Work is the mark of a person operating within a community of persons (CCC 2427). Work is central in the Church’s social teachings. In relation to social justice, “[h]uman work is a key—probably the essential key—to the whole social question” (CFC 1181). It is the key to the solution … of the whole “social question.” To consider work is of decisive importance when trying to make life “more human.

The Spiritual Dimension of Work

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Prioritizing labor over capital has biblical foundation. In the CST, labor means participation in the divine call to subdue the earth. “Human work proceeds directly from persons created in the image of God and called up to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth, both with and for one another (CCC, n. 2427). “The earth, by reason of its fruitfulness and its capacity to satisfy human needs, is God’s first gift for the sustenance of human life. But the earth does not yield his fruits without a particular response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work.. It is through work that man [or woman] using his [or her] intelligence and exercising his [or her] freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home” (CA, n. 31).

Role of Profit in Business

A business firm is not only a conglomeration of individuals with technical functions bonded together with the sole purpose of earning profit but a community of persons in the service of society. Profit in busines should not be the only regulator and purpose of business. “It is possible for the final accounts to be in order, and yet the people—who make up the firm’s most valuable asset—to be humiliated and their dignity offended…Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business” (CA, n.35).

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/517984394621209003/?lp=true

In short, the social and moral welfare of people within the business firm, especially those of the workers, is equally important like profit in knowing whether the business is doing good in the long run. Workers will be well motivated to work if they are well remunerated and their rights are respected by the company, thereby increasing the productivity and profitability of the company. The Church would even go to the extent of proposing profit-sharing in business in order that each member of a company feels that he or she is stakeholder and part owner and thereby also increasing the firm’s productivity.

Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/380976449709910607/

The Priority of  Labor over Capital

Textbooks on business administration, management and entrepreneurship in business courses with their preoccupation with profit always imply that Capital is a priority over Labor. The common practice of some business to sacrifice the wage and benefits of workers to lower production cost and thus attain forecast and higher profit levels indicates this mentality of businessmen to give more importance of capital over labor. One unfair labor practice that shows this priority of the growth of capital rather than labor is the “casualization” of labor.

Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. - Jesus Christ

To lower labor cost to increase profit is the hiring of casuals with work contracts with less than six months to prevent employees to become regular or permanent under the Philippine Labor Code and thus save money by not spending for their social benefits. This practice indicates than businessmen/women are not really more concerned with the welfare of the workers by providing them permanent jobs but with the increase of profit or capital. The hiring of casual employees rather than permanent workers to minize the cost of labor and maximize profit is one example of this prioritization of capital over labor. Is capital really more important than labor in business?

Well, from the point of view of entrepreneurs and managers socialized and trained in business schools on capitalist values and on the art of profit-making, capital is always given higher priority over labor. But this is not so for the Church. In papal encyclical Laborem Exercens (Human labor), Pope John Paul II clarifies the principle of labor over capital: “In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: The principle of the priority of labor over capital. This principle directly concerns the process of production: in this process labor is always a primary efficient cause, while capital, the whole collection of means of production, remains a mere instrument or instrumental cause” (Laborem Exercens, n.52).

pexels-photo-583392.jpeg

On the one hand, labor consists of people or workers whom the Church views as the most important value in the production process. Workers are created in the image and likeness of God, and thus possess human dignity and human rights. Moreover, the work of employees in a business firm is seen by the Church as actualizing of the divine call in the Book of Genesis on subduing the earth. Work in a production is not only a mere exhaustion of physical energy but contains a spiritual meaning. That is why the Catholic Social teaching speaks on the spirituality of work.

pexels-photo-259027.jpeg

Capital, on the other hand, consists of material things. Money, stocks, machinery, equipment, land and all other forms of productive capital are created things. It’s true that capital is crucial in formation and maintenance of business. But it is definitely lower in spiritual values in comparison with labor in terms of spiritual and moral importance for the Church. Therefore, if a Catholic businessman/woman has to choose which one to prioritize between the two in case of conflict, he or she has to opt for labor as people posses human dignity while capital which consists only of material goods.

pexels-photo-236113.jpeg

Furthermore, if the business situation would force to him/her to choose which one to prioritize: High profit or welfare of the workers, a Catholic entrepreneur must let go of his/her higher profit margin or forecast than retrenching workers or reducing or removing their benefits and privileges. Christian or Catholic entrepreneurs are people with a spiritual mission. They build businesses to serve people in society by providing them quality products and services as a manifestation of their love for God and neighbor.

For what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his soul? - Jesus Christ

Source: Jesus Christ  Quotes

Thank you for reading this post. Feel free to comment, like, and share this post to your social media sites. Sign with our newsletter for more updates or follow this blog via email. Cheers and God bless!

Reference

Jesus Christ Quotes. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from BrainyQuote.com Web site: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/jesus_christ_414648

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